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Facts You Need to Know About ADHD Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD is a condition characterized by inattentiveness, impulsiveness, and hyperactivity. ADHD is usually diagnosed between 6 to 12 years old, and the manifestations are observable at an early age, becoming noticeable when a child starts school or any change in circumstances. The exact cause of ADHD is unknown, but genetic influence shows to be a strong factor in the occurrence of ADHD. The other contributory factors that potentially have a role in ADHD are prematurity (birth before 37th week of pregnancy), low birth weight, and alcohol, smoking or drug abuse during pregnancy. ADHD can occur in patients with any level of intellectual ability, although it is more common for children with learning difficulties. The signs of ADHD may be less obvious and some patients may have problems with one category only such as problem with inattentiveness but not with impulsiveness or hyperactivity. ADHD is not curable but it can be effectively managed with appropriate support and advice for affected children and their parents, educational support and medication as needed. It is important to always remember that people with ADHD can’t help their behavior and some problems may arise relating to getting ready for school on time, listening and carrying out instructions, being organized, social occasions, or getting your child to sleep at night. The signs and symptoms of ADHD are noticeable before six years of age, and they are well defined in children and teenagers, occurring in more than one situation like at school and at home. The behavioral signs of inattentiveness of patient’s with ADHD include difficulty completing and organizing task, unable to listen to and carry out instructions, short attention span, careless mistakes like school work, losing things, appearing forgetful, unable to focus on tasks which are time consuming or tedious, changing tasks constantly, and being easily distracted. For impulsiveness and hyperactivity, the behavioral signs may include unable to sit still especially in quiet or calm surroundings, constantly fidgeting, unable to concentrate or focus on tasks, excessive talking, excessive physical movement, acting without thinking, unable to wait his turn, little or no sense of danger, and interrupting conversations. All of these signs and symptoms can significantly affect a child’s life, such as poor social interaction, problems with discipline, safety concerns, and underachievement at school.
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A child with ADHD may also have related conditions such as Tourette’s syndrome, learning difficulties, anxiety disorder (child worries too much or gets nervous all the time), depression, or epilepsy. The medications often prescribed to treat ADHD include methylphenidate, dexamfetamine, lisdexamfetamine atomoxetine, and guanfacine. These medications can help a patient concentrate or focus better, feel calmer, be less impulsive, and practice and learn new skills.The 10 Best Resources For Tips